(zeit.de)Published in the German, Hungarian newspaper Pester Lloyd
The right-wing mayor of a town near Budapest Roma can work in columns guarded. He is setting an employment law.
The aim of the Hungarian government's policy was to evict the Roma: The judgment of Hungary's parliamentary ombudsman for minority rights, Erno Kallai is clear. His office is now abolished, Kallais last official action is a report on the situation of Roma in the country.
His case study are the conditions in the community Gyöngyöspata , an hour's drive northeast of Budapest, which last year acquired by neo-Nazi marches sad notoriety. "Vigilantes" were patrolling for weeks against Roma, broke the monopoly of the state, the local Roma settlement made to a cordoned-off ghetto. The government negotiated the first place and then later mainly by euphemisms. The population of the community chose, followed by a neo-fascist Jobbik as mayor.
The example Gyöngyöspata, but also other places like Érpatak, leads to the teacher and sociologist Kallai frightening: there is a stricter segregation of Roma school children, a new public employment program is "contrary to human dignity" was implemented, residents will be for the smallest offenses with horrendous Fines occupied without the fundamental right to be heard. His parliamentary work was equipped with a mandate from the mayor of Gyöngyöspata also disabled.
Roma get meaningless activities assigned
Particular detail he goes into the circumstances and implementation of public employment program, which is only this year really starts rolling across the country and why in the summer Gyöngyöspata five model projects took place, probably to test also for the suffering of those affected. He proves that it is not, as officially intended to be a tool for motivation of able-bodied welfare recipients, is to take care of regular work and the State does not lie on the bag. Rather, it is specifically used for racial harassment, may be at the end of the complete withdrawal of livelihood, with the goal of displacement desired well of the Hungarian Roma from the homes of the majority of Hungary.
While the Roma asked the town with meaningless but strenuous physical activities, were welfare recipients who are not Roma, used as their overseer. Are entitled to the statutory minimum wage in the employment program is no more. Kallai warns of the consequences should the law be applied in future with all its possibilities, including the deportation to distant places of work, sleeping in makeshift shelters.
In law there is a clause which empowers the local authorities to recipients of social assistance 'statements regarding their living environment "to provide, for example, the garden and the house to keep clean. This provision opens up so Kallai, the door to arbitrary and accordingly invite people really motivated to abuse one.
Kallai Gyöngyöspata reports from inspections of the mayor, who appeared in the company of up to six people and two police officers alleged office without an appointment for Roma families to "the implementation of the instructions concerning the living environment" to control. Inside and out this video recordings and measurements were made without educate residents about the meaning of the measure, let alone seek their permission. Kallai identified some of the "officials" now to be participants in the neo-Nazi marches in the spring of 2011.
Initially the workers had the four kilometers to work through twice a day, later, a bus was provided, refreshments or toilet facilities were not provided, the safety equipment was - according to a report by the corresponding authority - is inadequate, there was not enough to drink. Was not enough work unit was available, worked with their bare hands.
One of the most revolting details in the report on the pilot projects in Gyöngyöspata is that even health-stricken people, for fear of losing their rights to assistance, and therefore "asked" to continue the work. Others were covered with a three-year ban because it paid better in the meantime, though temporary jobs accepted, then did what the program was meant to be.
"Fear, mistrust, denouncing, segregation and increased police presence are now part of everyday existence," writes about Gyöngyöspata Kallai. The emigration of Roma continued to sit, the poor part of the Roma in Hungary, more than ever before to the feeling of being second class citizens, a situation which is unacceptable in a democracy. The whole employment law, including its implementation will send the "clear message" to the Roma that they are worth nothing and would have to subordinate themselves, says the minority commissioner.